The State Institute for Testing and Registration of Varieties (I.S.T.I.S.) is the national authority in the field of examination of new plant creations, in order to be registered in the Official Catalog of the varieties of crop plants in Romania. The registration of varieties of agricultural and horticultural species in the National Official Catalog allows their cultivation and commercialization in the territory of Romania and of the Member States of the European Union.
I.S.T.I.S. is established on the basis of Law no. 57/1997, by reorganizing the State Commission for Testing and Approval of Varieties, established on the basis of HCM 3726/1953.
The Institute operates at its base on Law nr. 266/2002 republished, as an institution of public interest, financed from subsidies from the state budget and own incomes for capital, material and personnel expenses, and at the same time, it realizes budgetary revenues by capitalizing on the obtained products.
The State Institute for Variety Testing and Registration is the only specialized body of the M.A.D.R. and is responsible for the technical examination of the Romanian and foreign varieties for which registration is required in the Register of varieties and in the official Catalog of varieties.
Registering a variety means decades of work done for the benefit of the community, studying all varieties of plants created by Romanian or foreign research, without which no hectare of land can be cultivated in Romania.
The varieties registered in the Official Romanian Catalog are sent to the European Commission (DG SANCO) for registration in the Common Catalogs of the European Union, which allows them to be marketed throughout the EU. These varieties are sent for registration and in the List of Eligible Varieties for the Certification of Seeds, published by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).
The Institute elaborates the methodology and tests the new varieties for their registration, performs the annual verification of the varietal purity of the multiplied varieties, ensures the conservation of the samples from the reference collection, completes and is the depositary of the Register of varieties, writes and publishes the official Catalog of varieties annually. Also, I.S.T.I.S. prevents the alienation of the biological material under examination and ensures the confidentiality of the information obtained.
Variety registration is based on the results of official examinations, especially field tests, covering a large number of characteristics by which the variety is described. Field testing consists of two tests that establish the variety, uniformity and stability of the variety (DUS test) and, for field crop species, agronomic and utilization value (VAU test). The characterization of a variety is supplemented by quality analyzes performed in its own laboratories.
A variety subjected to testing for registration is studied for 2-3 years, depending on the species, in the 24 Centers for Testing the Varieties, which represent the entire diversity of climatic and soil conditions of Romania.
Over 3,560 varieties are studied annually, and each variety is observed, measured, analyzed in laboratories over 80 characteristics, which are analyzed in the IT Department of I.S.T.I.S. consistent with data from other similar institutions in the EU.
I.S.T.I.S. is the only liaison between the research institutes, where the new varieties of plants are created and the seed producers, respectively the Romanian cultivators.
In order to carry out the duties assigned to him, I.S.T.I.S. collaborates with research institutes and stations, with similar institutions in EU Member States, with foreign companies interested in testing varieties in Romania, with agricultural sciences universities and natural or legal persons in the country or abroad.
ISTIS, accredited ISO 9001 in 2009, is recognized as a national authority in all EU member countries, as well as by the OECD, and is part of the Board of Directors of the Community Plant Variety Office (CPVO), and of the committees and the Council of the International Organization. for Plant Variety Protection (UPOV). It has administrative cooperation agreements with 5 Member States of the European Union and links with similar institutions in Member States and with over 30 institutions worldwide.
Field examination is carried out in the Variety Testing Centers. The centers are located in the most representative pedoclimatic areas of our country, where optimal agricultural productions are made, the units being necessary to verify the agronomic value of the varieties.
I.S.T.I.S. is a public institution of national importance, with an activity single in Romania, and any seed producer cannot perform the multiplication of the varieties, without the respective varieties being tested first in I.S.T.I.S. and registered in the National Official Catalog, published annually by I.S.T.I.S., as it is done in all EU Member States.
I.S.T.I.S. has a tradition of over 56 years in the testing and registration of varieties of crop plants, similar to that of EU states, such as GEVES in France, NIAB in England, Naktuinbouw in Holland etc.
The activity of the institute is compulsory and is stipulated in the Directives of the European Community.
I.S.T.I.S., through the analysis of varieties ensures the food security of the country, which, as we know, is part of the national security policy of Romania and therefore constantly assures the protection of the consumer. At the same time, I.S.T.I.S. it assures through the tests that it performs, varieties that will give an increased and high quality agricultural production.
Participation in the various international bodies, the multitude of specialized articles published by the experts I.S.T.I.S., the working procedures fully harmonized with those of the EU, make the institute to be noticed in recent years internally and internationally.
Through I.S.T.I.S., the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development confirms the research results for the creation of new varieties of plant species of economic interest, adapted to the agricultural conditions, specific to Romania, so useful to the Romanian agriculture.